Added: Julia Steinhauer - Date: 22.01.2022 12:42 - Views: 36510 - Clicks: 891
This is especially the case if we are talking about women who dared to challenge the authority of men. One such example is Queen Melisende who ruled the Crusader State of Jerusalem for almost 30 years, reason enough to have a closer look at her story. At the same time Baldwin also thought it important to marry her to a powerful ally and eventually chose Fulk V, Count of Anjou and Main, a rich crusader and military commander and one of the most powerful nobles in France, after the king himself.
Notwithstanding Melisende being the legitimate ruler of the kingdom, Fulk, with the support of his crusader knights, increasingly froze Melisende out of power and publicly dismissed her hereditary authority. In order to further marginalise her, Fulk accused his wife of having an affair with her cousin, Hugh II, Count of Jaffa. He soon felt that he should take more responsibility in governance and eventually even instigated a public self-crowning in the absence of his mother.
The strive between mother and son was taken to the Haute Cour, a kind of royal council composed of nobility and clergy, which decided that Baldwin should rule the north of the kingdom, while his mother Melisende should have the authority over the richer Judea and Samaria, as well as Jerusalem.
Still not satisfied Baldwin went to war against his mother and invaded her realms. Surprised by this quick attack, Melisende eventually lost the war, but with mediation of the church, was granted the city of Nablus and adjacent lands under the condition that her son Baldwin would no longer disturb the peace. Spending a lot of time on military campaigns, Melisende became an important adviser to Baldwin and often acted on behalf of her son during his absence. Throughout her lifetime she enjoyed the support of the Church and was given the title of Patroness of the Church and Arts. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly.
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