Added: Pasquale Tankersley - Date: 30.03.2022 17:00 - Views: 49639 - Clicks: 797
Reviewed by Psychology Today Staff.
Introversion is a basic personality style characterized by a preference for the inner life of the mind over the outer world of other people. One of the Big Five dimensions that define all personalities, introversion sits on a continuum at the opposite end of which is extroversion.
Compared to extroverts, introverts enjoy subdued and solitary experiences. Introverts do not fear or dislike others, and they are neither shy nor plagued by loneliness. A crowded cocktail party may be torture for introverts, but they enjoy one-on-one engagement in calm environments, which is more suited to the make-up of their nervous system. Evidence suggests that, unlike with extroverts, the brains of introverts do not react strongly to viewing novel human faces; in such situations they produce less dopaminea neurotransmitter associated with reward. Introverts gain energy from reflection and lose energy in social gatherings.
Most people are neither purely introverted nor purely extroverted but display features of both—they are so-called ambiverts. Almost all people, for example, need occasional solitude to replenish their energy. Cultures differ in how they value certain personality traits, and America likes its extroverts ; it rewards assertiveness and encourages people to speak up. Studies suggest that there are just as many introverts as extroverts, but they are less visible and certainly less noisy.
First and foremost, introverts seek out and enjoy opportunities for reflection and solitude; they think better by themselves. They are drained by too much social interaction and are the first to leave a party. Even as childrenthey prefer to observe first and act later. One clue that introverts are happy comes from studies showing that they react differently to various stimuli than do extroverts.
For example, introverts are more responsive to internally generated brain activity, from planning ahead to remembering the past. Introversion appears to be a stable facet of personality influenced, like all personality traits, by genetics as well as environmental factors. Neuroimaging studies show different patterns of brain activation in introverts and extroverts, suggesting basic biological differences in the wiring of brain circuits.
Nevertheless, studies show that introverts can learn to act in a more extroverted manner if they make a plan to change specific behaviors —say, make an effort to initiate a conversation with an acquaintance. Some evidence suggests that doing so increases a sense of well-being among introverts. Introversion is often mistaken for shyness because both are characterized by limited social interaction, but the resemblance stops there.
Those who are shy typically want to engage with others but are fearful of doing so. They are highly self-conscious and easily inhibited by others. Many introverts, on the other hand, socialize easily; they just strongly prefer to do so in very small groups or, sometimes, not at all. Introversion is a positively healthy, if often misunderstood, way of negotiating the world.
With a low threshold for small talk and superficialities, introverts enjoy conversations that are deep and meaningful. That can make them highly attuned to those they engage with. Such notable introverts as Albert Einstein and J. Introverts can make excellent leaders because they tend to be guided by their own values and can make difficult decisions through careful analysis without feeling the intense need for social approval. They influence others and lead them to important goals by quiet power rather than displays of ego. Introverts may do best when l eading people who are proactivewhile extroverted leaders can find such people threatening.
Because they have a finite amount of social energy, introverts tend to have one or two close friends rather than a large social circle. They prefer in-depth relationships to casual ones. Given their orientation, introverts run the risk of being seen as not liking others or labeled as aloof or arrogant.
They run the clinical risk of being seen as suffering from social phobia or even avoidant personality disorder when they are not. But especially in novel social settings, introverts and extroverts are at risk of misunderstanding each other. As introverts struggle to monitor all the strands of conversation and may even be plotting an exit strategy, their quiet may be mistaken for deeply engaged listening, which spurs extroverts to keep talking.
Wonder about the differences between introverts in different cultures? Cindy Watson B. Marty Nemko Ph. A little preparation can convert anxiety to pleasure. The introvert falls for the extrovert. The one who loves to save marries the one who loves to shop. Are these relationships destined to thrive or doomed to fail? Susan Krauss Whitbourne Ph. Here's what personality research predicts.
Katherine Compitus on May 19, in Zooeyia. According to research, animals may act as "social lubricants" that facilitate human interpersonal relationships. Diane Barth L. Lessons learned by introverted people during the pandemic can help you manage the stresses of the post-pandemic world — whether or not you consider yourself to be an introvert. Introverts: Are you leaning on social distancing a little too hard these days? It's time to get out there again. Reviewed by Psychology Today Staff Introversion is a basic personality style characterized by a preference for the inner life of the mind over the outer world of other people.
Created with Sketch. Are introverts happy in life? Do introverts change? Are there advantages to being an introvert? Can introverts be leaders? Do introverts have friends?
Can introverts and extroverts get along? Essential Re. Researchers think introverts produce more saliva than extroverts due to the Reticular Activation System, which responds to stimuli like food and social contact. Are you feeling down?
Findings from a recent study suggest that acting more extraverted than usual could boost your mood. Introverts have unique strengths. Here are the reasons why.
The Downside of Solitude. New research shows that people will avoid those who spend a lot of time alone. Why Is Quiet a Superpower?
Nancy Ancowitz on July 2, in Self-Promotion for Introverts Wonder about the differences between introverts in different cultures? Are Introverts More Effective Negotiators? Partygoing for Introverts Marty Nemko Ph. Katherine Compitus on May 19, in Zooeyia According to research, animals may act as "social lubricants" that facilitate human interpersonal relationships.
More Recent Posts. Back Psychology Today. Back Find a Therapist. Back Get Help. Personality Passive Aggression Personality Shyness. Family Life Child Development Parenting. View Help Index. Do I Need Help?
Back Magazine. July Who Is the True You? Back Today.Introvert looking for someone
email: [email protected] - phone:(294) 243-2197 x 9411
11 perfectly introverted ways to make friends as an adult